Antibiotics are a blessing – on the one hand. Since the discovery of the drug Penicillin in 1928, diseases that were previously often fatal, curable: lung inflammation or severe bacterial infections. Today, there are a variety of substances that act in different ways. Some kill bacteria, while others inhibit their growth. In this way, they support the immune system of the body.
On the other hand, antibiotics have numerous side-effects: for example, the agent can not distinguish between good and pathogenic bacteria, with the result that they will also attack the beneficial bacteria of the intestine. Diarrhea, gastrointestinal discomfort, and Nausea are among the common side effects during antibiotic therapy. Some people also develop an allergic reaction, other fungal infections of the mucous membranes. The Federal centre for health education recommends, therefore, antibiotics “as often as necessary and as rarely as possible” to use. This should also prevent the pathogens are resistant to the substances.
In order to achieve a good effect, must antibiotics be taken according to the instructions of the package leaflet. So the correct dose and uniform time spacing between the revenues are important – they keep the drug level in the blood constant. Also these points should observe the patient during the therapy:
Error 1: antibiotics to take together with milk
A few of the active ingredients are not compatible with milk and milk products. To antibiotics from the group of Tetracyclines and of gyrase inhibitors, such as doxycycline, Ciprofloxacin, and Norfloxacin to count. You will be liable to the calcium from the milk and form tiny balls that can not utilize the body. The Drug wanders unharmed through the stomach and intestines, and remains ineffective.
Doctors and pharmacists can provide information about whether the particular Product includes. There is no blanket ban for the duration of the antibiotic therapy is, however. Between taking the drug and the consumption of milk, cheese and curd should be at least two hours apart.
Error 2: antibiotics without consulting take with the doctor
An antibiotic must be strictly according to the instructions taken. The attending physician agrees the drug and duration of taking on the underlying infection. Anyone who swallows an antibiotic simply on suspicion and without medical advice is negligent and risking side effects. In the worst case, the bacteria form by taking the error of a resistance to the antibiotic. It then loses its effect.
Error 3: do Not prevent
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Women who prevent with the anti-baby pill and an antibiotic to take, advises the professional Association of women doctors increased caution: it May be that the Drug reduces the effect of the pill. In particular, antibiotics from the group of penicillins, Tetracyclines, cephalosporins, and Chloramphenicol were not affected. In order to prevent an unwanted pregnancy, it is therefore useful to prevent up to the next menstrual period in addition with condoms.
Error 4: sports
People who take an antibiotic, get it from the doctor who is usually also a strict sports ban imposed. The reason for this is not about the drug, but the disease to which the body is fighting but it is. Who is driving despite feeling sick, fever and sore throat sports, the risk that the infection expands. In the worst case, a myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle is threatened.
A cold is caused by cold no. Viruses trigger a cold or the flu. But: “When the body fights a the beginning of the end of the infection and freezes, this can be the famous icing on the cake,” says Martin Scherer, Director of the Institute for General medicine at the University hospital in Hamburg-Eppendorf. There is also the Hypothesis that the nasopharyngeal mucous membrane in the cold, more vulnerable to virus infections, but it is not scientifically proven.
Even after a completed therapy, it is useful to take it easy for a few days. Because antibiotics fight in addition to pathogens, the natural bacterial flora of the intestine, which supports the immune system. The body is therefore more vulnerable and Sport an additional burden.
Error 5: always rely on the effect of the antibiotic
Antibiotics are effective only against bacterial infections. Many diseases such as common cold, flu, Bronchitis, or cough be caused by a virus. In these cases, an antibiotic is ineffective.
Sometimes, however, that the body is weakened by a virus infection strongly. Bacteria have then an easy game, invade the body and multiply. A viral infection of the respiratory tract can cause a bacterial pneumonia. Against these so-called super-infections the use of antibiotics is sensible.
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Over time, some bacteria resistance has formed against antibiotics. The best known is Methicillin-resistant pathogen Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). These pathogens can, for example, are not treated with the active ingredient Penicillin.
An antibiotic is prescribed only on the basis of the symptoms, it can happen that this is ineffective. A swab, such as the tonsils, suggests that pathogens are present. The doctor can tailor the antibiotic then. According to the Institute for quality and efficiency in health care (Iqwig) is made of such a smear, in practice, rarely, as the result is available only after two or three days. Sufferers should ask their doctor whether a smear test prior to the start of antibiotic therapy may be useful.
Error 6: antibiotics and alcohol – not a good idea
Apart from the fact that alcohol consumption is itself an additional burden for the body, it also has side effects. Alcohol may intensify the effects of drugs or a weaken. It is, therefore, advisable to dispense wine, beer, and liquor, when on medication. This is especially true for antibiotics.
In the case of antibiotics, taking with alcohol consumption can lead to the so-called Antabuse effect. Affected develop headaches, heart rhythm disturbances, and Nausea up to vomiting. The reason: Certain antibiotics such as metronidazole and Cefotetan inhibit an enzyme that is important for the removal of the alcohol. In the result, the toxic breakdown product acetaldehyde in the body accumulates. Since this reaction occurs already at low amounts of alcohol, it is advisable to refrain from during Antibiotic use on beer and wine.
Also, the antibiotics doxycycline and Linezolid do not mix well with alcohol. In particular, in the case of people who drink alcohol regularly, may be set the effect of doxycycline down. People with liver problems should not take doxycycline.
Those who drink alcohol and the antibiotic Isoniazid can also harm his liver. The reason is that A specific enzyme of the liver is affected by alcohol and the antibiotic into a liver-damaging molecule. “From a certain dose of the serious consequences it can have,” writes the Federal centre for health education (BZgA).
Sources: Federal centre for health education (BzgA), Institute for quality and efficiency in health care (Iqwig), professional Association of women doctors e. V., AOK-Bundesverband GbR, National Health Service (NHS)
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